Skin Types

& How to Manage them

Skin Types

& How to Manage them

Skin Types-

Your skin type depends on your body’s sebum excretion. Sebum is oily secretions made by glands in your skin. If the Sebum secretes too much or too little, it causes you to have dry or oily skin. When the sebum produces normal levels of oil, your skin may be considered normal. This page will help you determine what skin type you might be and what type of products to look out for. 

Types of skin

Dry Skin, Oily Skin, Combination Skin, Sensitive Skin, Normal Skin

Normal Skin

This refers to skin without any blemishes / defects. Healthy skin down not appear dry, flaky, or aged and instead looks smooth, silky, and vibrant.

Normal skin experience:

Few imperfections
Radiant complexion
Barely visible pores
No sensitivity to products

 

Products to look for:

Lighwieight products are best. Not too thick or heavy.

 

Oily Skin

What causes oily skin?

You can thank genetics and hormones for your oily skin. Those of us with a predisposition to oily skin have sebaceous glands that are in overdrive. This happens because your skin is trying to protect itself, yet it produces so much sebum that it causes more problems.

Prone to acne? You likely have oily skin. Because there is so much oil from your glands production, its much easier for pores to get clogged and cause pimples or outbreaks.

Oily skin experience:

Shiny or thick complexion
Blackheads, whiteheads, and acne complexion
Enlarged Pores

How to treat oily skin:

Most people think its as easy as buying a face wash to take away the excess oil, however this could be a big mistake. These ingredients can cause the skin to produce even more oil to make up for the oils you’ve washed away.

The right way to care for oily skin is to bring back balance to the skin. You can do this by exfoliating the skin regularly and use products that contain salicylic acid over benzoyl peroxide. salicylic acid can help treat acne by penetrating the skin and removing built up sebum, dirt, or dead skin cells.

Habits to change:

If you have oily skin, you should stay away from heavy make up routines. These products will block up your pores even further and may become a source for breakouts.

Use moisturizer regularly! – This is because even though your skin may feel oily, the lotion helps restore hydration and balance. In turn, this can help your glands produce less oil and help you curb the appearance of your oily skin.

Stop picking! – Those of us with oily skin may tend to pick at our blemishes, but this should be avoided. By accidentally bringing new bacteria to the face when you pick at a blemish, you can spread bacteria and cause a bigger outbreak!

Products to look for:

Look for gel and liquid formulas, Avoid emollients

 

Dry Skin

What causes dry skin?

Depending on factors like genes, sebum production, and environmental factors can contribute to dry skin.  It is improper to assume that dry skin needs more water, and in fact adding water to dry skin can make it worse.

Dry skin experience the following:

Nearly invisible pores
red patches
less elasticity
More visible Lines
Dull or rough complexion

What to do with Dry Skin:

Stop using harsh cleansers. These are your typical acne fighting cleansers that contain benzoyl peroxide. Adding these products to your dry skin only throws off the balance further and may make your skin even drier or cause you to break out further.

Habits to change:

Long Hot Showers are bad for dry skin. The hot water strips away the skins natural oil layer and forces it to create a new layer of oil. While this may seem like it’s a good thing, it can cause your skin to stay dry for longer.

If you live in dry areas: a humidifier can help significantly. Dry hot air makes the skin release its water moisture- leaving you feel dry and irritated. By adding a humidifier to your space, you can reduce the amount of stress your skin must accommodate.

Common skin problems associated with dry skin include Eczema, athletes foot, and seborrheic dermatitis.

 

Products to look for:

Moisturizer, lotions, creams

Combination Skin

 

What causes combination Skin?

Typically this means that you have skin with 2 or more properties (dry skin + oily skin). This is the most common type of skin and can be the hardest to identify or manage. Combination skin can be difficult to manage because your nose and forehead may be oily while your cheeks and rest of face can be dry.

Combination skin experience:

Blackheads
Shiny looking skin
Larger than normal appearing pores

Fear not! There are ways to tame even this skin type:

Natural ingredients work best- 

This skin type can be tricky, so its important to find products that contain natural ingredients.

 

Avoid fragrant products-
Those of us with combination skin are more likely to be affected adversely by products with fragrance. This is because the skin can change its type in a small area, making it hard for one product to be effective.

Not just one, but Two! – Moisturizers. Like stated, the skin type can change even for a small area of the skin. For this reason, its important to get different moisturizers for each. For example, you might use a heavy moisturizer on your cheeks, while a light moisturizer on your forehead and nose.

Exfoliation helps keep your skin less oily and dry, and more like normal. Be sure to exfoliate your skin regularly.

 

Products to look for:

For dry areas: use lotions and serums
For oily areas: use gels and liquids

Sensitive Skin

 

What causes sensitive skin?

This skin types are largely due to genetics and hereditary factors. Occasionally sensitive skin can be caused by external factors like a chemical burn, harsh weather conditions.

People with sensitive skin know that its not as easy as buying the next best lotion from the store because that lotion might make it worse somehow. There are so many variants to sensitive skin that it is hard to write just one blurb that’s accurate for everyone.

Sensitive skin experiences:

Redness
Burning
Dryness
Itching

How to treat sensitive skin-

Avoid harsh chemicals- don’t use products with benzoyl peroxide other harsh cleaning ingredients. Instead, you need to find gentle, unscented, natural products if available to you. Sensitive skin can easily become irritated or inflamed, so its important to take your time, try new products carefully, and make sure to toss any products that don’t work the first or second try.

 

Products to look for:

Natural, lightweight, fragrant free

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